Literacy in Science

Reading in Science

To make meaning from a text, students need support before reading, while reading, and after reading. Navigating complex texts can be an integral part of science teaching and learning, particularly as a part of the 5E Instructional Model.

To support reading, we offer a menu of strategies that teachers can choose from to introduce students to a document, to guide them through it, and to assess their understanding of it.

See Pre, During, & Post Reading Strategies in Science Classrooms

Writing Scientific Explanations

Inquiry-based science instruction should provide students the opportunity to revisit and revise their conceptual understanding through experimentation and written reflection.

Although there are multiple types of discipline-specific writing (e.g., narrative, procedure, and argumentation) that may be useful in a science classroom, constructing scientific explanations provides an especially rich opportunity for students to interact with data sets, to discuss their ideas with peers, and to demonstrate their understanding of important scientific concepts and vocabulary.

See Supporting Students in Constructing Scientific Explanations